Many car enthusiasts or even racers installs wings on their cars, supposedly, to increase aerodynamic efficiency. Some racers or should we call them Ricers (just kidding no one is a ricer) install wings just for their looks and not for aerodynamic efficiency. Well basically it’s up to anyone how and why they want to install wings. But the fact still remains, how is it functioning or benefitting the aerodynamics of a car?
A spoiler is an automotive aerodynamic device whose intended design function is to ‘spoil’ unfavorable air movement across a body of a vehicle in motion, usually described as turbulence or drag. Spoilers are often fitted to race and high-performance sports cars, although they have become common on passenger vehicles as well. Some spoilers are added to cars primarily for styling purposes and have either little aerodynamic benefit or even make the aerodynamics worse.
Some spoilers do have benefits in terms of aerodynamics but there are also others that flukes. Spoilers are supposed to provide a greater downforce towards the car whenever driving with certain amount of speed. When downforce is applied thoroughly throughout the car, stability will be the number one factor that is affected by it.
In races, cars usually focuses more on stability to get good cornering when going in and going out. the car’s stability is the number one factor in terms of getting a good corner. Wings usually helps the car to achieve a great amount of downforce but there are cases that sometimes their wings or spoilers contributes a lot of drag too. Remember, to get big wings, drink red bull. Just kidding. The bigger the wing on a car, the bigger the amount of drag produced by the wing itself causing a slight pull to the back whenever the car is moving. Doesn’t mean that the bigger the wings, the faster your car go. Nope. It depends on the setup you have mounted onto the car itself. It would take a lot to get the best setup. Factors that plays a role are the car’s shape, weight, size of wing, height of wing, angle of wing and many more.
To provide stability towards the drag and downforce created by the wing, a front lip or a splitter will be needed. Splitters or lips are widely used in races. Some customise their lips by adding a rod to hold onto the lip from the bumper. Some enthusiasts finds it beautiful to install lips or canards to their cars. It does gives off an angry look from the car and would definitely make cars in front of you sway to the left without having you to tailgate them. Just kidding drive safe guys.
So, what are you going to do with your car? Installing a wing or not? Tell us in the comments!